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What is Cryptocurrency and How its Working


What is Cryptocurrency

A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency designed to work as a medium of exchange. It uses cryptography to secure and verify transactions as well as to control the creation of new units of a particular cryptocurrency. Essentially, cryptocurrencies are limited entries in a database that no one can change unless specific conditions are fulfilled


in early 2009, an anonymous programmer or a group of programmers under an alias Satoshi Nakamoto introduced Bitcoin. Satoshi described it as a ‘peer-to-peer electronic cash system.’ It is completely decentralized, meaning there are no servers involved and no central controlling authority. The concept closely resembles peer-to-peer networks for file sharing.

Bitcoin Disadvantages –

Bitcoins Are Not Widely Accepted

Bitcoins are still only accepted by a very small group of online merchants. This makes it unfeasible to completely rely on Bitcoins as a currency. There is also a possibility that governments might force merchants to not use Bitcoins to ensure that users’ transactions can be tracked.

Bitcoin Valuation Fluctuates

The value of Bitcoins is constantly fluctuating according to demand. As of June 2nd 2011, one Bitcoins was valued at $9.9 on a popular bitcoin exchange site. It was valued to be less than $1 just 6 months ago. This constant fluctuation will cause Bitcoin accepting sites to continually change prices. It will also cause a lot of confusion if a refund for a product is being made. For example, if a t shirt was initially bought for 1.5 BTC, and returned a week later, should 1.5 BTC be returned, even though the valuation has gone up, or should the new amount (calculated according to current valuation) be sent? Which currency should BTC tied to when comparing valuation? These are still important questions that the Bitcoin community still has no consensus over.


Related Article –

 What is Quantum Computer Work in Bitcoin & How its Working



  • Bitcoin (BTC)
  • Ethereum (ETH)
  • Bitcoin Cash (BCH)
  • Ripple (XRP)
  • Litecoin (LTC)


personal injury litigation


Year after year, products with safety issues seriously hurt local consumers, and as a result, victims need the help of a product liability lawyer Newport Beach CA offers. While major automotive and pharmaceutical recalls sometimes become common knowledge, thousands of people also suffer serious injuries or death due to defective household goods, smoke and fire detectors, tools and other equipment, toys and a vast range of other common items.

A Newport Beach product liability lawyer from BRUNO│NALU may be able to help you and your family recover damages from using a defective product. Each case represents its own unique challenges and our experienced attorneys are adept at formulating winning legal strategies. Did you know that in addition to recovering your resulting medical costs after using a dangerous product that you may also qualify for compensation for pain and suffering? Call BRUNO│NALU today at 949-988-0932 to schedule a free and confidential case review. We want to hear from you to find out how we can help.

Taking Action for Consumers Injured Due to Manufacturers’ Negligence

At BRUNO│NALU, we are exceptionally equipped to pursue every dollar of compensation available for victims who used unsafe products. Our capabilities cover the spectrum of issues integral to product liability claims, including manufacturers’ obligations to adequately safety-test their products and ensure that consumers are sufficiently warned of dangers through product labeling and documentation. We strongly believe in protecting the rights of consumers and will not back down from corporate interests with deep pockets. When you need a skilled and affordable product liability lawyer in Newport Beach CA, call BRUNO│NALU.

No Product Liability Case is Too Complex

Many legal firms shy away from product liability cases due to their inherent complexity. Primarily, it is not unusual to name several defendants in product liability suits, and the resulting case preparation and litigation is multi-layered and extensive. We have built our strong reputation in large part by our ability to consistently provide a product liability lawyer Newport Beach CA injury victims turn to for litigating tough cases. We have the necessary resources to handle multiple and simultaneous depositions from various defendants, witnesses, plaintiffs, and others. We work with industry-leading experts in many fields whose testimony in important cases is profound and compelling. Our field and legal research is thorough, professional, and unquestionable. Regardless of how many defendants and their lawyers sit across the table from us, BRUNO│NALU attorneys are prepared and confident. Our personal injury victims may not have deep pockets, but we provide the very best legal services possible. We believe in fighting hard for the “little guy.”

Corporate Power and Resources Do Not Intimidate Our Trial Team

Keith Bruno’s trial skills and integrity have earned him inclusion in Super Lawyers Rising Stars for the years 2009 through 2014. At BRUNO│NALU, we refuse to compromise our case-building efforts or advise clients to settle for less than they deserve. This winning mentality, backed by a stellar track record of favorable jury verdicts, makes our professional team a premier choice for other legal firms focused on immediately strengthening their trial departments. When it’s necessary to bring in a product liability lawyer Newport Beach CA can rely on, we always want to be the first choice and we work hard to maintain our success.

Successful product liability accident injury lawsuits require in-depth investigation, analysis by experts and the formulation of compelling arguments in terms that jurors understand. With their profitability and reputations on the line, companies spare no expense in defending against them. Our trial team at BRUNO│NALU stands ready to overcome these significant barriers and deliver for our clients. We do not hold back on protecting the rights of our clients; in fact, we consider them to be members of our extended family. We are truly dedicated to helping our Newport Beach community and representing them against corporate interests who only care about their bottom line. We encourage you to call us at 949-988-0932 and schedule a free consultation with one of our product liability lawyers.

A Product Liability Lawyer Newport Beach CA Depends On

Personal injury victims have a lot at stake in product liability cases. They have but one chance to recover their damages, which are likely to be significant. If their attorney fails them because they’re over their head in a complex product liability suit, the victim suffers. At BRUNO│NALU we recognize the importance of making every effort to win our cases on behalf of personal injury victims who need our help. We are therefore proud of our success rate in negotiating favorable settlements and winning court cases. If you would like to discuss a potential referral or another form of association with a product liability lawyer Newport Beach CA chooses from our firm, we welcome your call and will prioritize your needs.



Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol is a very serious offense in Florida. Depending on the circumstances surrounding your case, you could be facing the following penalties:

  • Suspension or revocation of your driver’s license
  • Jail time
  • Mandatory DUI conviction
  • Fines and court costs
  • Community Service
  • Having to install an ignition interlock device
  • Probation
  • DUI school and counseling
  • Vehicle impoundment or immobilization

In the State of Florida, first-time offenders who plead no contest or who are found guilty of a DUI will automatically receive probation along with most of the penalties listed above.

If you are currently facing a second, third, or even fourth DUI charge, you will need the aid of an experienced Broward County DUI lawyer as individuals charged with successive DUI’s are subject to greater penalties. A knowledgeable criminal attorney in Broward County can mount a defense to help lessen or dismiss any penalties associated with the charge.

Determining DUI Charges

To convict an individual of DUI, the court must prove that the accused was operating a vehicle under the influence of drugs or alcohol to the extent their normal faculties were impaired or with an unlawful blood alcohol of .08 or greater.

The most important piece of evidence for Broward County DUI lawyers will be the testimony of the arresting officer, any video or audio recordings made of field sobriety exercises as well as the BAC (blood alcohol content) test results of the individual. Each state sets a blood alcohol content level (BAC) that motorists are not allowed to exceed.

In the state of Florida, if the BAC test result of an individual exceeds 0.08, they can be detained for drunk driving. If the BAC test results are 0.15 or above, the individual will face more severe legal ramifications which may include higher fines and the requirement of an ignition interlock device.

Factors Affecting Sentencing and Charges

If someone is a first-time DUI offender in Florida, the penalties they face can certainly be life-altering, but if they have been convicted before, they could also be looking at the prospect of mandatory jail time or possibly a felony for a subsequent DUI charge. The severity of a sentence can also be influenced by other factors present at the time of arrest. Some of these factors include:

  • Prior charges
  • Refusal to take a BAC breath test
  • Breath Test Results above 0.15
  • Having minors under the age of 18 in the car
  • Accidents causing property damage or serious bodily harm

If any of the factors above present themselves in the case, the individual could end up dealing with a felony charge instead of a misdemeanor.

In this case, people will need the help of a DUI attorney in Broward County to get their charges reduced or minimize the penalties. Lawyers can provide clients with the legal guidance they need.

Law Enforcement Responsibilities

At the time of arrest, the responsible law enforcement officer must take very strictly regulated action. The breath test must be correctly performed, and most importantly, the officer must have reason to believe (probable cause) that the person is driving while intoxicated or impaired.

This is a subjective and gray area, and many states do not agree on what counts as reasonable suspicion or probable cause of drunk driving.

Regardless of the reason behind detainment, the arresting officer must respect the person’s constitutional rights. If they do not, the charges against the individual may not be fully valid and may be dropped or reduced to reckless driving.

Survival Statistics for Mesothelioma


Survival for Mesothelioma

Survival rates tell you what portion of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time (such as 5 years) after they were diagnosed. They can’t tell you how long you will live, but they may help give you a better understanding about how likely it is that your treatment will be successful. Some people will want to know the survival rates for their cancer, and some people won’t. If you don’t want to know, you don’t have to.

What is a survival rate?

Statistics on the outlook for a certain type and stage of cancer are often given as survival rates. For example, the 5-year survival rate is the percentage of people who live at least 5 years after being diagnosed with cancer. A 5-year survival rate of 50% means that an estimated 50 out of 100 people who have that cancer are still alive 5 years after being diagnosed. Many of these people live much longer than 5 years after diagnosis.

But keep in mind that survival rates are estimates – your outlook can vary based on a number of factors specific to you.

Cancer survival rates don’t tell the whole story

Survival rates are often based on previous outcomes of large numbers of people who had the disease, but they can’t predict what will happen in any particular person’s case. There are a number of limitations to remember:

  • The numbers below are among the most current available. But to get 2-year and 5-year survival rates, doctors have to look at people who were treated at least several years ago. As treatments are improving over time, people who are now being diagnosed with mesothelioma may have a better outlook than these statistics show.
  • These statistics are based on the stage of the cancer when it was first diagnosed. They do not apply to cancers that later come back or spread, for example.
  • The outlook for people with mesothelioma varies by the stage (extent) of the cancer – in general, the survival rates are higher for people with earlier stage cancers. But many other factors can also affect a person’s outlook, such as a person’s age and overall health, where the cancer is in the body, what type of mesothelioma it is, and how well the cancer responds to treatment. The outlook for each person is specific to their circumstances.

Your doctor can tell you how these numbers may apply to you, as he or she is familiar with your particular situation.

Survival rates for malignant pleural mesothelioma

The numbers below come from thousands of people from all over the world who were diagnosed with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), mainly between the years 2000 and 2013. These numbers are only for mesotheliomas that start in the inner lining of the chest (the pleura), which is the most common place for mesothelioma to start.

Here are the 2-year and 5-year survival rates, by stage, for MPM:

  • For stage IA cancers, the 2-year survival rate is about 46%, and the 5-year survival rate is about 16%.
  • For stage IB cancers, the 2-year survival rate is about 41%, and the 5-year survival rate is about 13%.
  • For stage II cancers, the 2-year survival rate is about 38%, and the 5-year survival rate is about 10%.
  • For stage IIIA cancers, the 2-year survival rate is about 30%, and the 5-year survival rate is about 8%.
  • For stage IIIB cancers, the 2-year survival rate is about 26%, and the 5-year survival rate is about 5%.
  • For stage IV cancers, the 2-year survival rate is about 17%, and the 5-year survival rate is less than 1%.

Along with the stage of the cancer, the outlook for people with MPM can also be affected by other factors. For example, the type of mesothelioma, based on how the cancer cells are arranged when seen in the lab, is important. The epithelioid type tends to have a better outlook than the other types, such as sarcomatoid or mixed (biphasic) MPM. Other factors can be important as well.

Remember, these survival rates are only estimates – they can’t predict what will happen to any individual person. We understand that these statistics can be confusing and may lead you to have more questions. Talk to your doctor to better understand your specific situation.


New York Mesothelioma Settlements


Our mesothelioma law firm has recovered $5 billion in verdicts and settlements on behalf of thousands of clients throughout the United States.

A recent success story involved a $3 million verdict for a New York pipefitter’s family. For more than a decade, Gerald Suttner, was exposed to asbestos used in valves manufactured by the defendant, Crane Co. This asbestos exposure lead to a pleural mesothelioma diagnosis, of which he died twelve months later at age 77. After his death, Simmons Hanly Conroy attorneys Myles Epperson and Perry Browder, along with co-counsel, represented Suttner’s wife and daughter.

“The defendant’s use of asbestos and failure to warn workers and consumers of its dangers is inexcusable,” said Browder. “On behalf of Mr. Suttner’s family, we are proud to have won and held Crane responsible for its decision to use this lethal material in its products.”

Just like Suttner, all victims of asbestos-related diseases and their families have a right to be heard in the civil justice system, and our attorneys are passionate about enforcing each of our client’s rights while giving them the respect and attention they deserve.

Most mesothelioma settlements begin as lawsuits. History shows an overwhelming majority of cases end in a settlement before reaching the courtroom.

Some cases go to trial, where a judge or jury can make a verdict that awards significant compensatory and punitive damages. However, trials may take a long time to conclude.

Settlement and verdict amounts may depend on:

  • A claimant’s diagnosis and medical history
  • The number of companies sued
  • Where the claim is filed
  • Proof of negligence
  • Lost wages, medical bills and other expenses

Compensation is linked heavily to the strength of the case, which brings into play the plaintiff’s specific diagnosis, health condition, and the degree of perceived liability on the part of one or more defendants.

According to a recent Mealey’s Litigation Report, the average mesothelioma trial award is estimated at $2.4 million. The average mesothelioma settlement is between $1 million and $1.4 million and typically paid by multiple defendants. However, no cases are alike.

Every case is unique. An experienced mesothelioma attorney can build your case, negotiate settlements on your behalf and help you understand the statute of limitations for the state where you file a claim.




Two-thirds of all motorcycle accidents in Texas are caused by automobile drivers who violate cyclists’ right of way. Even when a motorcyclist is exercising reasonable care, a car or truck will change lanes, or pull out in front, with the driver failing to check for a clear road. This often causes a catastrophic crash, leaving the rider and passenger with debilitating injuries from long term trauma. This type of negligence results in mounting financial obligations, medical bills, and lost wages because of the life altering and long term injuries. Brian White is an experienced motorcycle accident trial attorney who will fight hard to maximize your recovery in a cycle accident personal injury lawsuit.


In 2013 there were 495 motorcycle riders and passengers in Texas according to the Texas Department of Transportation. 53% of those riders that were killed were not wearing helmets. Approximately 80 percent of all motorcycle injuries result in serious injury or death. These collisions could involve riding a Harley, a super bike, a chopper, or a sports bike and are usually the result from the negligence of truck and car drivers. The most common injuries resulting from a motorcycle accident include:

  • Skin Burns
  • Fatal Head Injury
  • Coma
  • Facial Disfigurement
  • Paralysis
  • Neck and Back Injury
  • Spinal Cord Injury
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Severe Fractures


These injuries can require multiple surgeries, skin grafts, rehabilitative services and long-term medical care. If this has happened to you or someone you know, a competent attorney can advise you on motorcycle accident law and discuss all of your options to recover full compensation for your injuries.


Motorcycle accidents are typically more serious than crashes only involving passenger vehicles and result in fatalities more often. Motorcyclists and their passengers face exposure to more dangers in an accident, including bodily collisions with other vehicles, objects, and the pavement. If a motorcyclist’s injuries aren’t fatal, they can still result in permanent disabilities. Learning the most common types of motorcycle accidents and how to avoid them can save your life.